Functional and smart textiles are used for different purposes such as healthcare, interior textiles, automobile, protective clothing, communication and entertainment, and are represented by different products like medical shirts, carpets, car seats, firefighter suits and optical fiber displays. These are the common applications, but there also some applications like ergonomic clothing.
There are some problem and challenges in development of functional and smart textiles which are mostly influenced by cost and economy. Big companies push a product to the market when the technology is able to support the large scale production. As the existing technologies can not respond to customized production, the products hardly come to the market.
Keywords: 3D printing, additive manufacturing, Fused deposition modeling, adhesion, pressure sensor, electroluminescence, electromyography